The Mediterranean sea is a part of the ancient Tethys ocean, with an area of 2.5 million square kilometers; the volume of water in the sea is about 3.8 million cubic km, and average depth is more than 1.5 thousand meters. In such considerable dimensions of the Mediterranean sea, its fauna is characterized by significant species diversity, but populations of animals of each species is relatively small. This is mainly due to a small number of plankton in marine waters.
In the Mediterranean there are 593 species of fish, of them in Israeli waters, home to 291 species (mackerel, herring, mullet, tuna, dolphinfish, palamidi, horse mackerel and many others). The Mediterranean coast of Israel encountered 4 species of flying fish. Many fish in the Mediterranean are of commercial importance. Continue reading
Rare and unusual creatures of the sea bottom.
In the seas and oceans live the most unusual and alien beings on Earth. And some of them look very scary.
Fish-frog. Found in the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans on muddy or sandy bottom, sometimes burrowing into his eyes. Some members of the family Zapovednaya fish have poisonous spines and are dangerous for swimmers.
This beauty’s name is fish-drop, and it lives only in Australia. Deep-sea benthic fish of the family psychrolutidae, which because of its unattractive appearance often referred to as one of the most bizarre ocean deep-water fish on the planet. The structure of the anterior part of the head gives the impression that the fish are constantly frowns and is unhappy “facial expression” what the fish takes the first place in the rankings of the most bizarre creatures in surveys on the Internet.
The striped wolffish (Anarhichas lupus), or as it is called “Atlantic wolf” is commonly found in cold deep waters.Interestingly, the teeth “Atlantic wolf” quickly wear out, but every year during cold weather old teeth fall out, and neither their place new ones appear.
Coelacanth is a living fossil fish that have reached us from ancient times. It has hardly changed since prehistoric period. Continue reading