Sea animals. Amazing fish manta ray
About the sea, about travel, about the deep sea and its creatures, and our fantasies
In the ocean lives a wonderful fish Stingray – Stingray manta ray. The manta ray (the giant “sea devil”) can reach sizes of up to 7 m from the end of one side of the fin to the tip of the other (the transverse width of the ramp). The weight of such rays to 2.5 T. the Usual average size for Mantes is 4-4,5 m. the Scientific name of the species – Manta birostris. Is the manta ray to the family manovich, or sea devils. The flat body of the Stingray has a rhomboid shape, which continues on the sides of the fins in the back and long thin tail. So the manta ray belongs to hostcolor, they say scat hvostokol, due to the barbed spikes on the end of the tail. According to the hydrobiologist Andrea Marshall, studying manta rays for over 10 years, fish manta, actually there are two subspecies. But officially recognized as considered one species of manta rays. Manta rays live in tropical waters of all oceans. The most studied population off the coast of Mozambique. Manta rays in the water is breathtakingly beautiful. Above black, with a white belly, which are dark spots that are specific to each individual. Dumplings are moving slowly, the movements slow and graceful, like manta rays floating in the water. Unlike other stingrays manta rays prefer to stay in the upper layers of the water, sometimes lying on the surface, sticking out of the water pectoral fin.
Manta rays belong to the class of cartilaginous fish, like sharks. Manta rays feed on plankton, small crustaceans and small fish. Moving the plankton can cover great distances, although the speed of the manta rays is not large, approximately 10 km/h. Front of head a large cavity, up to 1 m in diameter when the mouth is open. From the sides of the mouth at Mantes blades-fins, which they direct the water flow into his mouth. Because of these blade-horns, which during the movement can twist the spirals, and black back they have received the nickname “sea devils”. Water is strained through the filter apparatus, Gill slits as do whale sharks. Everything stuck, to eat. Manta rays have the largest brain of fishes, with respect to the mass of the whole body. Female manta rays bears a single calf about 12 months. What is unusual is that while in the womb, the baby feeds on her milk. Born Malek weighing up to 10 kg with a transverse size of the fin up to 1.5 m fully adapted to independent life in the water. During courtship for the female line should be several males, sometimes up to 20 individuals, while the female will choose one. Mating manta rays at a depth of one to several meters. In my life I prefer to stay in groups, near coral reefs. Manta rays and sharks can be accompanied by a fish-hangers that clean the skin from Mantes podselitsya organisms. But still, Manty groups regularly go out to the reefs for “fish cleaning” like many large marine fish. Manta rays are curious and not aggressive in nature.
I like to jump out of the water. Why they do it – is unclear. Jump into the air up to 1.5 m, and then just plop back in the water. The sound of a Stingray on the surface of the water is heard at a distance of several miles. If you are in the water the divers or the boat, the manta can sail up out of curiosity. The only danger is that leaping, manta can fall on top of a boat or swimmer. The desire to jump is contagious, when one fish jumps. it will support others that are close. This is reminiscent of childlike fun someone who will jump.