Encyclopedia of fish
Cupids . fish of the carp family. In Russia in the ponds dilute the white Amur (Ctenopharyngodon idella) . It feeds on plants. Promising for stocking drainage channels, inlets and other bodies of water overgrown quickly. In the fish farms also are working on growing black Cupid (Mylopharyngodon piceus) .
The length of the Amur river up to 120 cm, weight up to 32 kg.
White-eyed, Sopa (Abramis sapa)
White-eyed, Sopa (Abramis sapa) . fish of the carp family. It is found in the rivers flowing into the Black, Caspian and Aral sea as well as in the Volkhov river; small rivers and floodplain waters play. Flocks kept at a depth. Common names – klepac, Glazachev, lupari. Field values in Russia don’t have.
Length 35 cm, weight up to 1 kg. Similar to bream. different longer anal fin.
Minnows (Phoxinus) . fish of the carp family. In Russia there are the common minnow (Phoxinus phoxinus) and lake minnow (Phoxinus percnurus) . Length 6 — 10 cm, weight up to 5 g. Feed on algae, plankton, insects and their larvae. Fishing is not important. Bait for catching predatory fish.
The common minnow is distributed in Europe and Northern Asia. In all river basins from the Iberian poluostrova of Amguema, Amur and North-West of Sakhalin.
Verhovka (Leucaspius delineatus)
Verhovka (Leucaspius delineatus) . fish of the carp family. In Russia it is distributed in all the rivers of the Baltic sea on the East to the Neva; in some lakes of the basins of the rivers Onega and Northern Dvina; in the Caspian basin, the Volga river, from the headwaters to the Delta, rivers of Dagestan to Kum; in the basin of the Black sea and sea of Azov — the don, the Kuban river and the black sea coast. Keeps the flocks in the upper layers of water. Common names shrimp, oatmeal . The fishermen used as bait when fishing for predatory fish.
The loach (Misgurnus fossilis)
The loach (Misgurnus fossilis) . fish of the family loaches. In Russia, found in stagnant and slow silted reservoirs, mainly floodplain. Common names Piskun, piscary (squeak gulp air). Settled, rests on the bottom or buried in the silt. At lower barometric pressure often appears at the water surface — the public sign of changing weather. Field has no value.
Carp (Rutilus frisii)
Carp (Rutilus frisii) . fish of the carp family. It is found in the basins of the Black and Azov seas. In the southern part of the Caspian sea is distributed subspecies of Rutilus frisii kutum — Kutum .
Length to 75 cm, weight up to 6 kg. looks very similar to the roach. Dark back with a green tinge; flanks light with silvery, abdomen white. Sexual maturity in 4 to 5 years. Fertility 39 — 270 thousand eggs. Juveniles feed on insect larvae, small crustaceans, and adults mainly on mollusks.
Bullhead, the bullhead (Cottus gobio)
Bullhead, the bullhead (Cottus gobio) . fish family karshakevich. Not numerous, is found in all the rivers and streams of Russia with fast currents and rocky bottoms, in some lakes. Common names: stone Curlew, sculpin, Golovach, pecker, bull, pandach, spinning top, etc. Field has no value.
Length 8-10 (12) cm. the Head is large, flattened, eyes on top side. Sedentary bottom fish. Hiding in bushes or under stones (hence the name).